《計算機應用研究》|Application Research of Computers

智能仿生算法在移動機器人路徑規劃優化中的應用綜述

Survey on application of bioinspired intelligent algorithms in path planning optimization of mobile robots

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作者 于振中,李強,樊啟高
機構 江南大學 物聯網工程學院,江蘇 無錫 214000
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文章編號 1001-3695(2019)11-002-3210-10
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.07.0483
摘要 隨著移動機器人應用領域的擴大和工作環境的復雜化,傳統路徑規劃算法因其自身局限性變得難以滿足人們的要求。近年來,智能仿生算法因其群集智慧和生物擇優特性而被廣泛應用于移動機器人路徑規劃優化中。首先,按照智能仿生算法仿生機制的來源,對應用于路徑規劃優化中的智能仿生算法進行了分類。然后,按照不同的類別,系統的敘述了各種新型智能仿生算法在路徑規劃優化中取得的最新研究成果,總結了路徑規劃優化過程中存在的問題以及解決方案,并對算法在路徑規劃優化中的性能進行了比較分析。最后對智能仿生算法在路徑規劃優化中的研究方向進行了探討。
關鍵詞 智能仿生算法; 仿生機制; 移動機器人; 路徑規劃優化; 收斂速度; 局部最優
基金項目 國家自然科學基金資助項目(51405198)
江蘇省自然科學基金資助項目(BK20130159)
本文URL http://www.ziusle.tw/article/01-2019-11-002.html
英文標題 Survey on application of bioinspired intelligent algorithms in path planning optimization of mobile robots
作者英文名 Yu Zhenzhong, Li Qiang, Fan Qigao
機構英文名 School of Internet of Things Engineering,Jiangnan University,Wuxi Jiangsu 214000,China
英文摘要 With the expansion of the fields of mobile robot applications and the complication of its working environment, traditional path planning algorithms become difficult to meet people's requirements due to their own limitations. In recent years, bioinspired intelligent algorithms(BIAs) are widely used in mobile robot path planning optimization because of its collective intelligence of the group and the characteristics of biological preference. First, this paper classified the bioinspired intelligent algorithms used in the path planning optimization according to their sources of the biomimetic mechanism. Then, to optimize the latest research results and summarize existing problems and solutions, it described systematically various new bioinspired intelligent algorithms used in the path planning optimization according to different categories, and also provided a detailed comparison and analysis of the algorithms performance in path planning optimization. Finally, it discussed further research direction about bioinspired intelligent algorithms.
英文關鍵詞 bioinspired intelligent algorithms; biomimetic mechanism; mobile robot; path planning optimization; convergence speed; local optimal
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收稿日期 2018/7/27
修回日期 2018/9/17
頁碼 3210-3219
中圖分類號 TP18
文獻標志碼 A
中超外援名额